Paulette Clancy

Paulette Clancy

Title
Professor and Director School of Chemical and Biolmolecular Engineering
Organization
Cornell University
Location
NY
Paulette Clancy
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Answers by Dr. Paulette Clancy

Dear Sara:

Let me answer the second question first as it is easier.... No, you don't need to have a post-graduate education in chemical engineering. BS graduates in chemical engineering are highly sought after by industry and other employers. This degree is essentially a "pre-professional" degree and you will graduate with all the tools you need to be a contributing member of the engineering community at work.

However, roughly 15% of a typical graduating BS class of chemical engineers will choose to undertake a post-graduate education. This is typically either in a professional degree program like the self-funded 1-year Master of Engineering degree which helps by either broadening your engineering skills or deepening them in one area of your choice. Some of the 15% will choose to apply for 5-year fully funded PhD degree programs so that they can dedicate themselves to mastering the ability to design and conduct independent research.

Now to your first question: "what average do you need to be successful in ChE?" I expect that by "average" you are thinking of a GPA.  The truth is that almost all BS graduates in ChE will be successful in their post-graduation careers, regardless of GPA. Those with high GPAs may get job offers more quickly or get more job offers, but there is much more to success than just an undergraduate GPA.

Here are some of the other factors that lead to success post-graduation and few of them show any correlation with GPA:
(1) Your personality. Careers of any sort require that  you have the type of collaborative personality that make you easy to work with. Be a "can do" person.
(2) Your ability to lead. Few are born leaders but you can seek out experiences at college that will sharpen these skills.
(3) Broadening experiences. Industrial internships can help you get that important first job post-graduation. But employers also value volunteer work and outreach activities that show that you care about community-building. Consider international experiences to demonstrate that you are aware that there is not just one culture in the world and that you can appreciate and thrive in other cultures.
(4) Communication skills. You can be the best test-taker in the world with razor-sharp math skills, but if you cannot communicate your ideas, experiences and vision to others then you will not be as successful as you could be. This is a critical skill to acquire. Most universities have excellent courses in written and oral communications.
(5) Mentoring and training abilities. No matter what job you do post-graduation, you will end up mentoring others or training others. Seek out experiences within and outside your major to learn how to help and train other people.
(6) Do what you love. You should be excited to get up every day and do your job. Keep this in mind at college. If you find that your major does not make you feel that way, then find a major that does. Your heart will tell you when you find the right one. And remember that dictum in life and you will be a happy and contented person.

I hope this helps. Keep up your math skills and sharpen your enthusiasm for understanding how the physical universe works and you will be a great engineer some day. Good luck

Paulette Clancy

Hi Christine I am a chemist by training too, so I understand this transition well from personal experience. No, you don't have to go back to college to get a ChE degree. There are professionally oriented master's degree programs that, while not a substitute for a BS in ChE, will give you a good foundation in the engineering side of the chemical industries. At Cornell, for instance, a chemist can complete a Master of Engineering (Chemical) in under two years (4 semesters), depending on the courses you took as an undergraduate. I've attached a file that gives you a brief description of the M. Eng. program at Cornell in Chemical Engineering. If you want more details there are two points of contact on the last slide. Being an engineer will certainly broaden your career options and significantly increase your starting salary relative to that of a BS chemistry graduate. It would help a lot if you were able to take some courses in your final year to help prepare you and cut down your time-to-degree . I hope this helps. Paulette Clancy

Dear Margarate, I am delighted to hear that you are considering Chemical Engineering as a major in college and perhaps as a career. As you might expect, Chemical Engineers spend a lot of time learning the fundamentals of chemistry, especially physical and organic chemistry. They also take a lot of mathematics courses (usually four) and they learn some physics and biology before specializing in the fundamentals of chemical engineering (courses like thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and chemical kinetics, but also process control, separation processes and heat and mass transfer). When you graduate, you will find that a degree in Chemical Engineering is valued by a broad range of potential employers: pharmaceutical companies, chemical companies, semiconductor and electronics companies, consumer products, and oil and gas companies. But chemical engineers graduates are also hired by some companies that you might not expect, like banks and other financial institutions, consulting firms, and food companies. Of course, safety at work is an issue. But there is not a reputable industry that I know that hires chemical engineers that doesn't have employee safety as their most important concern. The safety of workers in the chemical industry is, in fact, much better than the average manufacturing job in the U.S. But chemical engineers work in so many industries that, if safety is a particular concern, you can work in a department or in an industry that does not involve exposure to hazardous materials. Chemical engineering is a wonderfully versatile degree to have and we make important advances in the production of products that make life better. It's a very fulfilling career path and one in which safety concerns should not be the deciding factor in your choice of study at college. I hope you keep working at your studies and fulfill your dreams, whatever they may be. Paulette Clancy