I am sorry for the late response Nataly - I hope I am not too late.
First off, I'd like to say that I am honored by your question and excited to see that you are interested in becoming a nuclear Engineer. Engineering is a rewarding career. It builds a strong foundation for anything you choose to do with it later in life. I chose to use my nuclear engineering background to help me run a nuclear power plant to produce electricity; a leadership role rather than research and development or academic one.
Your science fair topic on a nuclear fusor is an intriguing topic, which unfortunately, I haven't had a chance to get involved in much. In a nuclear reactor we currently use a process called fission (as oppose to fusion), which is splitting a nucleus of a uranium fuel using neutrons to make electricity. In fusion, the process is opposite. The nucleus of two light atoms are fused together to produce a heavier atom and large amount of energy. However, the fusion process has not yet been developed enough to use it on a large industrial scale.
There are many good websites and publications that can help you learn more about fusion in general like:
- US Department of Energy website on fusion
- Plasma Science and Fusion Center(PSFC) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has good publications on plasma physics and nuclear fusion.
- And of course Wikipedia.
Also, please note that there is still a lot of research that needs to be completed in this area before we can use them on a large scale. We need people like yourself to help with this research and to make it happen - it is an exciting field.
Please keep up your excellent work and feel free to send me a note if you have any other questions.